Facts about Canada
Facts about Canada
The Government of Canada maintains quite a comprehensive site describing Canada's history, government, economy, geography, national symbols, and lots more. Looking for maps? Try the National Atlas of Canada .
Statistics Canada is the best place to find out statistical information about Canada and Canadians. StatsCan is far more comprehensive an organization than the US Census Bureau. Some key differences between Canada and the States:
- Canada has a lower infant mortality rate and a longer life expectancy.
- Almost ten times as many people live in the States.
Population of Canada, 2002: 31,185,815
Population of the US, 2002: 287,075,978
- Canada has 9,976,100 square kilometers; the United States has 9,372,600.
- Canada spends more of its gross domestic product (GDP) on education and less on health care than the United States.
A bit about government and politics
What Americans expect because they're Americans: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
What Canadians expect because they're Canadians: peace, order, and good government
- The capital of Canada is Ottawa, Ontario.
- Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth is Canada's Head of State and the Queen of Canada. Her representative in Canada is the Governor General, currently Adrienne Clarkson.
- Canada has a Parliament, not a Congress.
- Parliament is divided into two chambers, the Senate and the House of Commons. Everyone in the Senate is appointed. Everyone in the House of Commons is elected.
- The head of the majority party in Commons is the nation's prime minister and the Head of Government (currently Jean ChrÃ©tien, of the Liberal party). The deputy prime minister is Herb Gray.
- Instead of government bureaus, Canada has ministries.
- There are several major political parties, the biggest of which are as follows:
More about these and other parties, national, regional, and provincial, is available on the Canadian Political Parties/Partis politiques canadiens Web site.
That's the very basics. You can find out more at the "Government at a Glance" section of the Canadian government's Web site.
- Canada has more donut shops per capita than the United States does.
- Canada's national animal is the beaver
- Canada's two official sports are lacrosse and hockey.
- Canada's national colors are red and white.
- Canadians consume more Kraft Dinner (aka Kraft Macaroni & Cheese) per capita than any other nationality on earth.
- Canada has the cheapest internet access on the earth
- Canada has the 2nd most % of population on the internet
Provinces and territories
Canada's land is divided into ten provinces and three territories, in five regions:
- Atlantic Canada
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- The Maritimes
- Central Canada
- The prairies
- The eastern part of Alberta
- Western Canada
- Western Alberta
- British Columbia
- The north
- Northwest Territories
Many of Canada's cities and provinces have nicknames:
- T.O., The Big Smoke, Hogtown, Torana
- Vancouver (sometimes all of B.C.)
- Lotusland, Hongcouver (referring to the large number of immigrants from Hong Kong)
- Deadmonton, Edmonchuk (referring to the large number of Ukranian families there)
- Bytown (after Colonel By)
- Sault Ste. Marie
- The Soo
- The Peg, Winnepago, Winterpeg
- The Rock
- St. Catharines
- St. Kits
Published on: 2004-08-05 (34280 reads)[ Go Back ]